Monthly Archive Dec 2019

ByAlexander Pretorius

What To Know About Genital Herpes: Symptoms, Treatment, and Transmission

Genital herpes: Common Causes and Effects

Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). After the initial infection, the virus lies dormant in your body and can reactivate several times a year. Genital herpes can cause pain, itching, and sores in your genital area. There is no cure for herpes. Antiviral medications can, however, prevent or shorten outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication. In addition, daily suppressive therapy (i.e. daily use of antiviral medication) for herpes can reduce the likelihood of transmission to partners. 

Symptoms

You may feel itchy or tingly around your genitals. This is usually followed by painful, small blisters that pop and leave sores that ooze or bleed. Most people do not experience symptoms for months or years after becoming infected. Those who do have symptoms during the initial period will usually notice them about 4 days after exposure (the average range is 2-12 days). Many people with HSV have recurring herpes. When a person is first infected, the recurrences tend to happen more frequently. Over time, however, the remission periods get longer, and each occurrence tends to become less severe. Some people have no symptoms at all. But many people who have herpes get blisters or soreson their lips, inside the mouth, or on or inside the vagina, penis, thighs, or buttocks. These blisters or sores are different for everyone – some people only get them once; other people have “outbreaks” many times over their lifetime.

Symptoms that occur in a recurrent infection tend to be less severe and do not last as long as they do in the primary infection stage. Typically, symptoms will last no more than 10 days and include.

The effects of herpes

When HSV is present on the surface of the skin of an infected person, it can easily be passed on to someone else through the moist skin that lines the mouth, anus, and genitals. The virus may also spread to another individual through other areas of skin, as well as the eyes. A human cannot become infected with HSV by touching an object, work surface, washbasin, or towel that has been touched by an infected person. Infection can occur in the following ways: No drug can get rid of the herpes virus. Doctors may prescribe an antiviral, such as acyclovir, which prevents the virus from multiplying. Antiviral medications will help the outbreak clear up faster and will also help reduce the severity of symptoms. Doctors usually prescribe antivirals the first time a person has symptoms. As recurrent outbreaks are usually mild, treatment is not usually necessary.

How is it treated

Episodic treatment is generally for people who have less than six recurrences in 1 year. Doctors may prescribe a 5-day course of antivirals each time symptoms appear. Doctors prescribe suppressive treatment if a person experiences more than six recurrences in a year. In some cases, a doctor recommends that the individual takes daily antiviral treatment indefinitely. The aim here is to prevent further recurrences. Although suppressive treatment. he only method that is 100% effective in preventing STDs is abstinence, but if you’re sexually active, the best way to avoid herpes is by being mutually monogamous with someone who also does not have herpes. Condoms may reduce the risk of passing herpes to a partner, but since it can be passed by touching if your partner is having outbreak, your safest option is abstinence from sex. But remember, herpes can still be contagious, even before the open sore is visible. Herpes is an infection caused by a virus, either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2.) Although most genital herpes infections are caused by HSV-2 and most oral herpes infections are caused by HSV-1, we now know that either virus, type 1 or type 2 can cause blisters or sores known as genital herpes. Herpes causes blisters and ulcers. these can be painful but normally clear up within 2-3 weeks however the virus will remain dormant in your body and it is normal for herpes outbreaks to reoccur. There is no cure for herpes but there are things you can do to ease discomfort and avoid outbreaks. People with suppressed immune systems for example people living with HIV might experience longer outbreaks and get more severe blistering it’d possible for pregnant women to pass herpes in a baby.

ByAlexander Pretorius

Efficacious methods for preventing and treating sexually transmitted diseases

Did you know that sexually transmitted infections are on the rise in South Africa?  Every day an individual is being diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease.  Some sexually transmitted infections are up almost 43% according to many studies conducted.  You may be thinking WHY are sexually transmitted infections increasing.  There’s actually many reasons and some of them are simple.

One is that there is just more testing being done.  With new medical advances, there are tests that can be performed to better catch sexually transmitted diseases.  In the past there may have been just has many cases of sexually transmitted diseases, but the testing wasn’t there to confirm them.  Another thing that might be causing the increase in sexually transmitted diseases is the online social dating.

We are being broaden to a new world and more people

By these standards more people are having sexually intercourse and sadly not enough of them are using protection.  Another cause of sexually transmitted diseases increasing in South Africa is travel. This may seem different, but with more people coming and and out of the country they are bringing diseases that may not have been here previously. It is highly important to use condoms when having sex to protect you from sexually transmitted infections. It is also important to talk to your partner about the risks.  It may be uncomfortable, but it’s better than ending up with a sexually transmitted infection.

While there are many different sexually transmitted infections the symptoms are usually the same for all of them

Itching in the vaginal area or discharge from the vaginal area may be a sign for women of a sexually transmitted disease and discharge from the penis for men is a sign.  Also pain during sex or urinating is often a sign of a sexually transmitted infection.  Oral sex can also lead to sexually transmitted infections and a symptom of that is a sore throat!  Pain in the pelvic area and also pain in the anal area can be a sign of sexually transmitted infections.  If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and had unprotected sex it is vital to go to your primary care physician.  They can run tests and diagnosis you with any sexually transmitted infection you may have and get you on medicine to help you get better.

One of the most common sexually transmitted infections is HPV – human papillomavirus infection

This infection causes warts on parts of the body but it will vary depending on the strain.  There is a vaccine that is able to help you stay healthy from HPV.  It’s recommended that you get this vaccine as soon as you can.

Another common sexually transmitted infection is genital warts

If you have genital warts then you are experiencing pain in the genital area and you will also be seeing warts.

Next big sexually transmitted infection sweeping the country is chlamydia

This sexually transmitted infection is worrisome because it is one that may not cause symptoms so you may never know you have it, which means you can easily spread it along to partners.  Failure to diagnosis chlamydia can be very dangerous to women.  Chlamydia can ruin a woman’s reproductive system and hurt her chances of having children in the future.

Another sexually transmitted infection that can cause infertility is gonorrhea!

Syphilis is another common sexually transmitted infection.  This is a bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact and it usually starts has a painless sore.

One of the most well known sexually transmitted infections would have to be HIV/AIDS

While this sexually transmitted infection is not has scary as it used to be it’s still very dangerous if you get it.  This sexually transmitted infection ruins your body’s chances of fighting infections and you are more prone to getting more sick with common illnesses that normally wouldn’t bother you.

There are many more sexually transmitted infections out there than the ones listed above

It is important to remove proactive with your health and your partners health.  Use protections at all times.  Get tested regularly if you are having unprotected sex with multiple partners.  While some sexually transmitted infections will never be 100% cleared the medicine can help you live normally.

Please remember if you have a sexually transmitted infection it’s your responsibility to talk to your partner about it before engaging in sexual intercourse.

ByAlexander Pretorius

Incidents of Sleep Disorders Among Totally Blind Adults

Insomnia and South Africa: How its Treated

Sleeping Disorders such as insomnia is sleep problems which are a common symptom of many mental illnesses including anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and attention deficit. 14.8 percent of South African adults meet the threshold for clinical diagnosis of insomnia. Then that leaves 59.4 percent with at least one sleep symptom three or more times a week and the other half that has daily routines doesn’t allow them to get enough sleep. The only sure way to rid yourself of the condition for good is to either lose weight or have surgery to remove excess tissue from the palate or throat. Surgery can have side effects which are why it’s usually viewed as a last resort but there are no cures for sleep disorders.

Insomnia

Insomnia causes high levels of stress and certain medications. It describes a general difficulty falling or staying asleep. Individuals experience the effects of sleep deprivation the following day. Which include difficulty focusing, irritability, impulsive, and lack of balance. Treatment for insomnia consists of improving sleep habits, behavior therapy, and identifying and treating underlying causes. Sleeping pills may also be used but should be monitored for side effects. Some people function well and are not tired during the day with just three to four hours of sleep at night. Most people need more than this. To need six to nine hours per night is average. Most people establish a pattern that is normal for them in their adult life.

Treatment

Stimulus control therapy. This method helps remove factors that contain your mind to resist sleep. Relaxation techniques. Progressive muscle relaxation, biofeedback, and breathing exercise are ways to reduce anxiety at bedtime. Different thoughts can keep your mind active at night, making it hard to sleep. Stressful life events or trauma – such as the death or illness of a loved one, divorce or such job loss -also may lead to insomnia. Eszopiclone and Temazepam are a few prescription sleeping pills to also help with Insomnia. Foods like caffeine, potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, alcohol, sugar, flour and a few more things can also be the cause of it.

Prescriptions

Doctors tend only to prescribe hypnotics for insomnia that is long-lasting and bothersome because the drug can have side effects Another class of sedative-hypnotics, called benzodiazepines, can also treat insomnia. Melatonin, a hormone produced by your body, has been shown to improve symptoms of anxiety. Supplementing with melatonin for anxiety can improve sleep quality, regulate circadian rhythm, and ease negative feelings associated with anxiousness which is also good for insomnia. Good sleep practices include having a regular bedtime schedule and avoiding naps, caffeine, and TV before bed.

Sleep is important

Stick to a sleep schedule. Keep your bedtime and wake time consistent from day to day, including on weekends. Stay active. Check your medications. Avoid or limit naps. Avoid or limit caffeine and alcohol and don’t use nicotine. Don’t put up with the pain. Avoid large meals and beverages before bed. It can also come and go, with periods of time when a person has no sleep problems. Acute insomnia can last from one night to a few weeks. Insomnia is called chronic when a person has insomnia at least three nights a week for three months or longer. The longest recorded time without sleep is approximately two hundred sixty-four hours or just over eleven consecutive days.

Sleep deprivation

Although it’s unclear exactly how long humans can survive without sleep, it isn’t long before the effects of sleep deprivation start to show. After only three or four nights without sleep, you can start to hallucinate. Chronic insomnia also certainly be an indirect cause of death. Insomnia has been the direct cause of death in a very small number of cases. An extremely rare genetic disease called fatal familial insomnia leads to exhaustion, dementia, coma, and eventually death. Fatal Insomnia is a rare prion disease that interferes with sleep and leads to deterioration of mental function and loss of coordination of mental function and loss of coordination. Death occurs within a few months to a few years.

Psychophysiological insomnia

Psychophysiological insomnia is one of the most common and difficult types if insomnia to treat. A patient with this specific sleep disorder focuses on their sleep, and worries about not getting enough sleep when it’s time for bed. Their worrying starts when they prepare for bed.

ByAlexander Pretorius

Premature Ejaculation: Practical Ways to Prevent and Overcome It

What is it about premature ejaculation that always leaves a room feeling awkward? I remember as a young teen being dreadfully scared of premature ejaculation,  sometimes masterbating three times before a potential situation where my penis would have to perform. The mystique of the premature ejaculation is one that lingers around men of all races and origins, from the tip of Chile to the South African coast. My first time having an extremely premature ejaculation was not something I would ever forget,  not to say that they aren’t all memorable. The first time I experienced it was very embarrassing and made me feel powerless, especially since she did it on purpose.

Psychology damage

The psychology damage from a premature ejaculation can last a lifetime, sometimes requiring counseling, sometimes forcing someone into a life of celibacy. After experiencing premature ejaculation a man can find his depression taking him into a place of social isolation,  dreading the inevitable encounter with the sexually unsatisfied woman who can only think of how you ejaculated too soon. Sometimes the ejaculation can come before you have a chance to penetrate, like a batter swinging before the ball is pitched. On my first encounter the woman provided oral sex until I was near the end of my capabilities to hold on, then during an aggressive moment of putting the condom on,  she made me ejaculate. The mental trauma of seeing a woman with your half limp penis in her hand laughing is permanent,  and no matter how hard you try to get it hard again, it just won’t become erect again. The psychological effects continue as you begin to doubt your manhood and capabilities to satisfy a woman’s needs.

The damaging effects of premature ejaculation don’t stop there, the social scrutiny of sexual performance will also haunt you. What woman is going to want to chance that she will be stuck with someone who ejaculates too quickly, and what men would like to be categorized as being part of the premature ejaculation crowd. In the current day of social media,  even your mother could end up finding out that you ejaculate prematurely,  think about how awkward Christmas dinner will be. Who would want to talk about ejaculating ten seconds into a sexual encounter, at the dinner table with your family,  the shame is daunting.

Most likely your mother has been disappointed by a premature ejaculation disaster as well

The physical damage from premature ejaculation is also a concern. It is scientifically proven that the more sexual partners you have,  the higher the likelihood that you will acquire a sexually transmitted disease. Therefore as a man who prematurely ejaculates with women,  the women most likely do not contact the man again and he is forced to continue the cycle of finding another woman to prematurely ejaculate with if he has not corrected the issue. The more times this happens,  the more exposure the man has to diseases. The same issue applies once the premature ejaculator is able to get a woman to stick around. As the premature ejaculator continues to fail to satisfy his woman’s sexual desires, she will seek other sources of penis that ejaculate at a more appropriate time, this will expose you to untold quantities of infectious diseases and bacteria.

Other health implications from premature ejaculation can include pregnancy

The pullout method is very unreliable when you are a premature ejaculator,  therefore, when you penetrate the vagina with your penis and ejaculate before you can pullout,  you have a heightened risk of impregnating the woman. There are many different methods that can be used to improve your penis’s performance, but that can depend on preferences. My favorite method is to masterbate vigorously everyday,  by manually ejaculating on a regular basis you can extend the amount of time before you ejaculate next. I recommend masterbating immediately upon waking up, and slipping in a couple rounds throughout the day, with a longer more involved nighttime ritual. There are many ways and tools to assist you in ejaculation. You can use a pocket pussy, or an inflatable doll, I recommend always using lubricant to increase the natural sensation of a moist vagina.

While you have the lubricant out, you can also explore the option of milking your prostate, I often use this method when I am bored of more traditional ways to ejaculate

To decrease the amount of cleanup,  you can wear a glove, or do it in the shower. Even if you just masterbate into a sock, or flush it down the toilet, everytime you ejaculate, you will be increasing your endurance. Eventually your body will become a fine tuned sex machine, capable of not ejaculating too quickly. It is a misnomer that having intercourse with someone who is unattractive will make you last longer, you may be happy to ejaculate sooner. When it comes to premature ejaculation, there are options,  and there is help out there.