Category Archive STI/STD

ByAlexander Pretorius

What To Know About Genital Herpes: Symptoms, Treatment, and Transmission

Genital herpes: Common Causes and Effects

Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). After the initial infection, the virus lies dormant in your body and can reactivate several times a year. Genital herpes can cause pain, itching, and sores in your genital area. There is no cure for herpes. Antiviral medications can, however, prevent or shorten outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication. In addition, daily suppressive therapy (i.e. daily use of antiviral medication) for herpes can reduce the likelihood of transmission to partners. 

Symptoms

You may feel itchy or tingly around your genitals. This is usually followed by painful, small blisters that pop and leave sores that ooze or bleed. Most people do not experience symptoms for months or years after becoming infected. Those who do have symptoms during the initial period will usually notice them about 4 days after exposure (the average range is 2-12 days). Many people with HSV have recurring herpes. When a person is first infected, the recurrences tend to happen more frequently. Over time, however, the remission periods get longer, and each occurrence tends to become less severe. Some people have no symptoms at all. But many people who have herpes get blisters or soreson their lips, inside the mouth, or on or inside the vagina, penis, thighs, or buttocks. These blisters or sores are different for everyone – some people only get them once; other people have “outbreaks” many times over their lifetime.

Symptoms that occur in a recurrent infection tend to be less severe and do not last as long as they do in the primary infection stage. Typically, symptoms will last no more than 10 days and include.

The effects of herpes

When HSV is present on the surface of the skin of an infected person, it can easily be passed on to someone else through the moist skin that lines the mouth, anus, and genitals. The virus may also spread to another individual through other areas of skin, as well as the eyes. A human cannot become infected with HSV by touching an object, work surface, washbasin, or towel that has been touched by an infected person. Infection can occur in the following ways: No drug can get rid of the herpes virus. Doctors may prescribe an antiviral, such as acyclovir, which prevents the virus from multiplying. Antiviral medications will help the outbreak clear up faster and will also help reduce the severity of symptoms. Doctors usually prescribe antivirals the first time a person has symptoms. As recurrent outbreaks are usually mild, treatment is not usually necessary.

How is it treated

Episodic treatment is generally for people who have less than six recurrences in 1 year. Doctors may prescribe a 5-day course of antivirals each time symptoms appear. Doctors prescribe suppressive treatment if a person experiences more than six recurrences in a year. In some cases, a doctor recommends that the individual takes daily antiviral treatment indefinitely. The aim here is to prevent further recurrences. Although suppressive treatment. he only method that is 100% effective in preventing STDs is abstinence, but if you’re sexually active, the best way to avoid herpes is by being mutually monogamous with someone who also does not have herpes. Condoms may reduce the risk of passing herpes to a partner, but since it can be passed by touching if your partner is having outbreak, your safest option is abstinence from sex. But remember, herpes can still be contagious, even before the open sore is visible. Herpes is an infection caused by a virus, either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2.) Although most genital herpes infections are caused by HSV-2 and most oral herpes infections are caused by HSV-1, we now know that either virus, type 1 or type 2 can cause blisters or sores known as genital herpes. Herpes causes blisters and ulcers. these can be painful but normally clear up within 2-3 weeks however the virus will remain dormant in your body and it is normal for herpes outbreaks to reoccur. There is no cure for herpes but there are things you can do to ease discomfort and avoid outbreaks. People with suppressed immune systems for example people living with HIV might experience longer outbreaks and get more severe blistering it’d possible for pregnant women to pass herpes in a baby.

ByAlexander Pretorius

Efficacious methods for preventing and treating sexually transmitted diseases

Did you know that sexually transmitted infections are on the rise in South Africa?  Every day an individual is being diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease.  Some sexually transmitted infections are up almost 43% according to many studies conducted.  You may be thinking WHY are sexually transmitted infections increasing.  There’s actually many reasons and some of them are simple.

One is that there is just more testing being done.  With new medical advances, there are tests that can be performed to better catch sexually transmitted diseases.  In the past there may have been just has many cases of sexually transmitted diseases, but the testing wasn’t there to confirm them.  Another thing that might be causing the increase in sexually transmitted diseases is the online social dating.

We are being broaden to a new world and more people

By these standards more people are having sexually intercourse and sadly not enough of them are using protection.  Another cause of sexually transmitted diseases increasing in South Africa is travel. This may seem different, but with more people coming and and out of the country they are bringing diseases that may not have been here previously. It is highly important to use condoms when having sex to protect you from sexually transmitted infections. It is also important to talk to your partner about the risks.  It may be uncomfortable, but it’s better than ending up with a sexually transmitted infection.

While there are many different sexually transmitted infections the symptoms are usually the same for all of them

Itching in the vaginal area or discharge from the vaginal area may be a sign for women of a sexually transmitted disease and discharge from the penis for men is a sign.  Also pain during sex or urinating is often a sign of a sexually transmitted infection.  Oral sex can also lead to sexually transmitted infections and a symptom of that is a sore throat!  Pain in the pelvic area and also pain in the anal area can be a sign of sexually transmitted infections.  If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and had unprotected sex it is vital to go to your primary care physician.  They can run tests and diagnosis you with any sexually transmitted infection you may have and get you on medicine to help you get better.

One of the most common sexually transmitted infections is HPV – human papillomavirus infection

This infection causes warts on parts of the body but it will vary depending on the strain.  There is a vaccine that is able to help you stay healthy from HPV.  It’s recommended that you get this vaccine as soon as you can.

Another common sexually transmitted infection is genital warts

If you have genital warts then you are experiencing pain in the genital area and you will also be seeing warts.

Next big sexually transmitted infection sweeping the country is chlamydia

This sexually transmitted infection is worrisome because it is one that may not cause symptoms so you may never know you have it, which means you can easily spread it along to partners.  Failure to diagnosis chlamydia can be very dangerous to women.  Chlamydia can ruin a woman’s reproductive system and hurt her chances of having children in the future.

Another sexually transmitted infection that can cause infertility is gonorrhea!

Syphilis is another common sexually transmitted infection.  This is a bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact and it usually starts has a painless sore.

One of the most well known sexually transmitted infections would have to be HIV/AIDS

While this sexually transmitted infection is not has scary as it used to be it’s still very dangerous if you get it.  This sexually transmitted infection ruins your body’s chances of fighting infections and you are more prone to getting more sick with common illnesses that normally wouldn’t bother you.

There are many more sexually transmitted infections out there than the ones listed above

It is important to remove proactive with your health and your partners health.  Use protections at all times.  Get tested regularly if you are having unprotected sex with multiple partners.  While some sexually transmitted infections will never be 100% cleared the medicine can help you live normally.

Please remember if you have a sexually transmitted infection it’s your responsibility to talk to your partner about it before engaging in sexual intercourse.

ByAlexander Pretorius

What Are STDs? | Sexually Transmitted Diseases Information

Sexually transmitted infections are a thing of the past, but in the most recent years the rate in which sexually transmitted infections have been prevalent in South Africa has been on the rise and it is alarming. One of the sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea has shown a drastic increase from about 8300 cases in 2006 to about 18600 cases in 2015. In about a decade, the number of cases for gonorrhea has more than doubled which is drastic. When thinking about other sexually transmitted infection the number of increased cases are just as drastic. Syphilis has tripled in numbers and chlamydia has jumped by 43 percent in the same timeframe measured for gonorrhea. With this drastic increase of sexually transmitted infection, people are wonder why such the drastic change.

Some experts believe that due to the increase in people being interested in testing for sexually transmitted infection, it is being uncovered that more sexually transmitted infection are present. The test are becoming more accurate in detecting more and more infections and people are more interested in testing for these infections due to the more advanced technology being available. Uncovering more people who are living with sexually transmitted infections is a very good thing but it is making it appear that there is a drastic problem occurring instead of looking at the positive side of people getting the care that they need and being in the know.

There are still concerns about the driving force behind the drastic increase seen in the prevalence of gonorrhea and syphilis

One aspect is considered to be the advanced testing available to detect the infections but another avenue that is being explored is the huge interest of online dating and the popularity it has grown to over the past ten years. Experts believe that online dating has a single hand effect on the sexual lives of people in a community due to the websites and apps that have been developed and still being developed, designed to promote sexual hook-ups and romance everywhere. Some people love these websites and applications while others may hate them. One definite attribute that we can identify is that these avenues for meeting people definitely has an impact on the spreading of sexually transmitted infections. These dating sites and apps make it very easy to have sex with multiple people in a very short period of time. In South Africa, it has been reported that about 35 percent of men and 21 percent of women who are sexually active have more than five sexual partners in one year. Men that use online dating avenues or applications to seek out sexual partners, are typically six times more likely to have more than five sexual partners than a man who does not use online and application dating avenues to meet people. The more people who are joining these alternative dating avenues online and through apps only equal more people per person that a person is having sex with, which further leads to more acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted infections.

Some may wonder does the online and app dating market alone really cause people to have an increased risk of contracting a sexually transmitted infection and the answer is strikingly no

The concept alone of online dating does not cause one to be more susceptible in contracting a sexually transmitted infection but the carelessness that people have and lack of precaution that is taken when online dating is in the mix rises. It has been observed that people are much more relaxed when it comes to online dating then they would be if they were to meet these same people in person. Online avenues provide a barrier for people to let their guard down and hide behind technology. If it does not work out online then the person can move to the next willing participants and do not have to worry about public humiliation or the face to face embarrassment that is a potential for in person dating.

To speak to the laxed behavior people exemplify, let’s consider the condom usage percentage as observed in a poll captured in South Africa. South Africans have indicated that only about 35 percent of the people who have hooked up with people online used a condom in their last sexual encounter. This is a definitive indications that may lead us to link sexually transmitted infections to the behaviors fostered by online dating and dating apps.